Preamble: (a) In the context of increasing global awareness towards environmental protection and climate change, it has become necessary to reduce the dependence of the state on the traditional sources of coal-based energy and use more and more unconventional energy sources. Solar energy occupies an important place among unconventional energy sources. Crucial strategies to systematically eliminate the reliance on fossil-based fuel use in the future and bridge the demand-supply gap of electricity, while maintaining a balance between energy security and environmental protection. It has become necessary to promote the use of conventional energy sources.
(b) Solar energy, which is an important source of energy, is not being utilized according to its present capacity. Announcing the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission in 2014 by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the Government of India, India uses solar radiation at an average rate of 5.5 kWh per square meter per day on an average of 300 sunny days each year. Initiatives have been taken to meet the need. Based on the preliminary results of the said scheme, in the year 2014, the Government of India implemented a scheme to provide financial assistance for the establishment of 20 thousand MW capacity solar power plants under the Ultramega Solar Power Project scheme by developing a solar park in the country. In the year 2017, the target of solar power plants to be set up under the said scheme was increased from 20 thousand MW to 40 thousand MW.
(c) Chhattisgarh State Renewable Energy Development Agency has been appointed as the nodal agency to implement the said scheme of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Sources in the state, which is authorized by the Government of India for the establishment of the ultra mega power plant by developing the solar park of the Government of India. In collaboration with an agency like Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited, efforts are being made to make maximum use of solar radiation available in the state.
(d) Solar radiation-based solar power by harnessing solar light readily available in nature: It is an effective initiative to develop capacity and encourage the installation of a large number of ultra mega solar power plants to control the impact of change on the environment, thereby reducing carbon footprint. Along with reducing emissions, it will help in addressing the challenges of energy security.
(e) Chhattisgarh has unlimited potential to develop the state as a major solar power generation center in India in terms of large-scale solar power generation due to the availability of high intensity of solar radiation. Due to the unlimited potential for solar power generation and the geographical location of the state, the future of solar equipment production is also very bright and there is scope for continuous growth in this sector. Accordingly, favorable and advantageous conditions exist for the establishment of manufacturing units for solar power generation plants in the state.
(f) The validity of the policy issued by the Government of Chhattisgarh in the year 2012 for harnessing renewable energy in Chhattisgarh was till 31 March 2017. In the context of technological changes in the field of solar energy in the last few years, reduction in cost expenditure and changes in regulations for the mandatory purchase of electricity based on unconventional sources in the power sector, there is a lot of investment potential in this sector in the next 10 years. The need for a new policy is also being felt in the state of Chhattisgarh for setting up solar power projects in the state in the next 5 to 10 years.
(g) Chhattisgarh State Electricity Transmission Company Limited (CSPTCL) has developed a strong power transmission system in the state, under which 400 KV. 220 KV and 132 K. V. Electricity lines are available in every area of the state. Keeping in view the future demand of power transmission in the state, infrastructure works are proposed for adequate capacity upgradation in the transmission system. Due to which the electricity generated by setting up solar power plants in remote areas can be easily transmitted.
(h) Under the National Solar Mission, the State Government has hereby issued the “Chhattisgarh Solar Energy Policy 2017-2027” to develop the available solar energy potential in the State by developing Ultrasolar Power Plants in the State. Due to rapid technological up-gradation in the construction of solar power generation plants, the cost rate of electricity generated from solar energy is continuously decreasing, as a result of which captive use in the private sector and traditional source-based electricity to reduce the demand and gap of electricity. Installation of solar power plants has become important as an alternative to production. Therefore, extensive amendments are necessary in the State’s Solar Energy Policy 2017-27.
Accordingly, the State Government hereby issues “Chhattisgarh Solar Energy Policy 2017-27 (as amended)”.
The State Government implements “Chhattisgarh Solar Energy Policy 2017-27” with the following objectives:
(a) To promote solar energy-based power generation for the purpose of meeting the increasing demand for electricity and under the environmental and economic and far-reaching plan.
(b) Promoting private sector participation in solar power generation.
(c) To create a conducive environment for the development of solar generation capabilities in the state.
(d) To meet the long-term energy requirement of the State and contribute to energy security by progressively reducing dependence on conventional thermal energy sources such as coal.
(e) To meet the energy needs of villagers living in remote and unreachable areas of the state. To encourage off-grid solar applications on a stand-alone basis.
(f) Ensuring access to clean energy for all purposes.
(g) To encourage decentralized production and distribution in the state.
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