Their are different types of solar structures are used in installation of solar panels and cost of structure or solar system also depends upon the which structure are you using.
Solar installations have been rapidly increasing around the world. India has contributed a significant portion of the expansion, and with a target of 100 GW by 2022, it is on the verge of becoming the world’s largest solar nation. Continuous price reductions in solar systems as a result of higher grid rates are growing global demand for solar solutions, resulting in significant growth. Solar is undeniably the way of the future and a leading sustainable energy source.
Solar panels perform best when they are positioned at a precise tilt angle with a face facing towards the south and get shade-free sunlight for the maximum amount of hours. Solar Panel Mounting Structures come into play in this situation. The mounting system is one of the most innovative aspects of solar panel installation.
Module Mounting Structures are critical to the proper operation of a solar power system, both on the utility grid and the roof. While the most balance of system (SOS) components, including inverters, DC cables, junction boxes, transformers, and so on, are easily available from equipment manufacturers, an EPC contractor’s workmanship is mostly evident through module mounting structures and wiring management.
These frameworks allow panels to rest comfortably, avoid damage, and, most significantly, place them at a perfect tilt angle to capture the maximum amount of solar energy. Rooftops, ground mounting, carports, and sun tracker systems all have mounting structures that have evolved in terms of weight, material, versatility, and ease of installation.
Material plays a significant role in the total solution because any solar system is designed to last 20 to 25 years. The topography and environment of the installation area determine the material’s strength. As a result, there is an increasing demand in the industry for very durable, rust-free, corrosion-resistant materials.
This has resulted in the development of revolutionary products such as rust-resistant steel, which has become quite popular in the solar panel market due to its low cost and increased endurance. Steel comes in a variety of weights, strength grades, and coatings, all of which have various pricing.
For the best return on investment, look at the warranty provided by the firm while choosing the material. Mounting systems are a key component of solar arrays—they secure solar panels to the roof or the ground—and are likely the most competitive solar product market. To help rookie installers get a handle on installation, we go over the fundamental kinds of roof-mounted solar systems.
Different types of Solar Mounting Structures
1. Roof Mounted Racks
2. Ground Mounted Racks
3. Top-of-pole Mounted Racks
4. Side-of-pole Mounted Racks
5. Tracking System Mounted Racks
Roof Mounted Racks
Roof Mounted Racks reduce wire run distances between the solar array and the battery bank or inverter, but they necessitate roof penetrations and risk producing roof leaks, thus the roof must be tightly sealed.
Another downside of roof-mounted structures is that if the roof orientation and angle are not appropriate, your system will waste a lot of potential energy. You must guarantee that there is no shade from trees or other structures in the optimum free circulation path of your solar panels if you are utilising a roof-mounted system.
Ground Mounted Solar Structure
As you might expect, ground mounts are used to put solar panels on the ground anywhere on your property. This is a potential solution if your roof lacks the room for a roof mount, is substantially shadowed by trees, or is in the sun’s path. These are normally adjustable so that they can be tilted up or down for maximum sunlight absorption at different times of the day. The disadvantage is that ground-mounted constructions are vulnerable to vandalism, dirt, leaves, and snow accumulation at the bottom of the array. As a result, ground-mounted racks should only be used in secure places, especially in clean and stable conditions.
Top of Pole Mounted Solar Structure
Pole Mounts are used to securing solar panels to poles, as the name implies. “Top-of-pole” and “side-of-pole” are the two main types of pole mounts. The former permits the solar panel to be mounted on top of a pole, several feet above ground level.
The latter secures solar panels to the poles’ sides. Top-of-pole Fixed Racks are constructions in which the solar module is mounted on top of mounting poles that are attached to the ground and tightened with concrete. It has the advantage of being less vulnerable to vandalism and the accumulation of dirt, leaves, and snow, but it is difficult to clean. Side-of-pole Solar systems with a small number of modules are often installed on mounted racks.
Tracking System Mounted
System of Tracking Mounted Racks can be utilised for a variety of solar tracking systems, as well as solar water pumping systems, allowing for the most efficient utilization of solar radiation for energy generation. They are particularly beneficial in hot conditions. One-axis and two-axis mounted structures are the two types of tracking systems available. One-axis trackers measure the sun’s movement from east to west, but two-axis systems track the sun’s daily and seasonal path and are commonly employed with PV concentrator systems.
Solar trackers are automatic device that allows your panels to follow the direction of the sun throughout the day for the best solar exposure and collecting. While solar trackers improve efficiency and eliminate manual panel maintenance, they are not widely employed due to the significant rise in the total cost and the addition of another moving item that could break down and cause difficulties for the array.
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